Caroline Rémy de Guebhard

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Caroline Rémy de Guebhard
Séverine, debout, un poing sur la hanche - Nadar (cropped).jpg
Carte-de-visite of Séverine by Nadar
Born(1855-04-27)27 April 1855
Paris, France
Died24 April 1929(1929-04-24) (aged 73)
Pierrefonds, France
Other namesSéverine
OccupationAnarchist, Journalist, Feminist
MovementFeminism, Anarchism, Populism
Antoine-Henri Montrobert
(m. 1871⁠–⁠1885)
ended in divorce
Adrien Guebhard
(m. 1885⁠–⁠1924)
his death[1]
Signature de Séverine.png

Caroline Rémy de Guebhard (27 April 1855 – 24 April 1929) was a French journalist with anarchist, socialist, communist and feminist views, best known under the pen name Séverine.[1]

Around 1880, Caroline Rémy became involved with Jules Vallès' socialist publication, Cri du Peuple. Vallès eventually gave her control over the newspaper due to his poor health. Becoming increasingly militant, she befriended journalist and feminist Marguerite Durand but, following a confrontation with the Marxist Jules Guesde, left the newspaper in 1888. She continued writing for other papers in which she promoted women's emancipation and denounced social injustices, including the Dreyfus affair. In 1897, she began writing for Durand's feminist daily newspaper La Fronde.[2]

A staunch leftist, Rémy backed a number of anarchist causes, including the defense of Germaine Berton, and participated in the 1927 efforts to save Sacco and Vanzetti. She supported the Russian Revolution of 1917 and, in 1921, joined the French Communist Party, resigning a few years later in order to maintain her membership of the Human Rights League.[3]

Bernard Lecache, a founding member of the Committee of Honor of International League Against Anti-Semitism (LICA), (now International League Against Racism and Anti-Semitism (LICRA)), wrote her biography. Her portrait was painted by Pierre-Auguste Renoir in 1885 and now hangs in the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.

Caroline Rémy, portrait by Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Caroline Rémy died in 1929 at her home in Pierrefonds, Oise department in the Picardy region of France. Some of her papers can be found in the Bibliothèque Marguerite Durand in Paris.

Shortly before her death, she took part in the campaign to support the candidacy of Dr. Albert Besson, who was elected councilor of the district Saint-Fargeau, general counselor of the Seine then deputy chairman of the Council of Paris and the general council of the Seine. In 1933, in her memory, he had the Paris council vote for the attribution of the name "Séverine" to the square created at his initiative Porte de Bagnolet (Paris 20).



  1. ^ a b "Séverine (1855–1929)". Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Séverine De son vrai nom Caroline Rémy, insurgée toute sa vie". L'Humanité (in French). 9 July 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Caroline Remy, known under the name Severine". The Daily Bleed: A Calendar. 28 October 2005. Archived from the original on 28 October 2005. Retrieved 27 May 2019.

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