La Pérouse Strait

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La Pérouse Strait
Karafuto SakhalinISLAND.JPG
La Pérouse Strait, from Cape Sōya, Hokkaido. Sakhalin is visible in the distance.
Japanese name
Kanji宗谷海峡
Russian name
RussianПролив Лаперуза
RomanizationProliv Laperuza

La Pérouse Strait (Russian: пролив Лаперуза), or Sōya Strait, is a strait dividing the southern part of the Russian island of Sakhalin from the northern part of the Japanese island of Hokkaidō, and connecting the Sea of Japan on the west with the Sea of Okhotsk on the east.

The strait is 42 km (26 mi) long and 40 to 140 m (131 to 459 ft) deep. The narrowest part of the strait is in the west between Russia's Cape Krillion and Japan's Cape Sōya, which is also the shallowest at only 60 metres (197 ft) deep.[1] A small rocky island, appropriately named Kamen Opasnosti (Russian for "Rock of Danger") is located in the Russian waters in the northeastern part of the strait, 8 miles (13 km) southeast of the Cape Krillion. Another small island, Bentenjima, lies near the Japanese shore of the strait.

The strait is named after Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, who explored it in 1787.[2]

Japan's territorial waters extend to three nautical miles into La Pérouse Strait instead of the usual twelve, reportedly to allow nuclear-armed United States Navy warships and submarines to transit the strait without violating Japan's prohibition against nuclear weapons in its territory.[3]

History[edit]

La Pérouse Strait charted by Lapérouse himself

Between 1848 and 1892, American whaleships passed through the strait in the spring and summer as they made their way from the right whale grounds in the Sea of Japan to the Sea of Okhotsk to hunt right and bowhead whales.[4] The ship David Paddack (352 tons), Captain Swain, of Nantucket, was bound home with a full cargo when it wrecked in the strait in 1848.[5][6]

Proposed rail crossing[edit]

The Sakhalin–Hokkaido Tunnel has been proposed to connect Japan and Russia under the Strait that connects to the Trans-Siberian Railroad.[7] A bridge has also been proposed.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "https://www.pices.int/publications/scientific_reports/Report12/danchenkov_f.pdf Oceanographic Features of LaPerouse Strait", North Pacific Marine Science Organization, June 1984; retrieved 2 November 2016.
  2. ^ THE 17TH AND 18TH CENTURIES Archived 2008-03-25 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Kyodo News, "Japan left key straits open for U.S. nukes", Japan Times, June 22, 2009.
  4. ^ Eliza Adams, of Fairhaven, Aug. 4, 1848, Old Dartmouth Historical Society (ODHS); Arnolda, of New Bedford, June 17, 1874, ODHS; Cape Horn Pigeon, of New Bedford, July 13–14, 1892, Kendall Whaling Museum.
  5. ^ Bowditch, of Warren, Aug. 6, 1848, Nicholson Whaling Collection.
  6. ^ Starbuck, Alexander (1878). History of the American Whale Fishery from Its Earliest Inception to the year 1876. Castle. ISBN 1-55521-537-8.
  7. ^ "Tokyo to London by train? Ambitious new plan links Trans-Siberian to Japan".
  8. ^ "New bridge linking Japan and Russia could enable 8400-mile rail trip from London to Tokyo".

Coordinates: 45°43′20″N 142°01′36″E / 45.72222°N 142.02667°E / 45.72222; 142.02667